When it comes to perfect skin, it’s not just about the routine. The equal onus lies on the skincare products, especially its ingredients. While there are many we’ve often heard about, a few are the silent angels. One such skincare ingredient is azelaic acid. Thanks to the amazing azelaic acid benefits, the skincare ingredient is becoming everyone’s favorite in recent years. Let’s explore the many advantages of using azelaic acid for skin.
What is Azelaic Acid?
Azelaic acid is a naturally occurring organic compound found in grains like barley and wheat. It is also found in Malassezia furfur growth, a skin-friendly fungus on human skin. The compound has amazing anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties that make it a wonder drug for several skin concerns.
Azelaic Acid Benefits for Skin
As azelaic acid is a natural skin ingredient, it is suitable for all skin types. People with acne-prone and sensitive skin types find azelaic acid for skin particularly beneficial. The azelaic acid benefits for skin include:
1. Reduces Acne Scars
One of the most pronounced azelaic acid uses is for increased cell turnover. This reduces the appearance of scars. Azelaic acid also inhibits melanin synthesis, leaving a more even skin tone. Studies show that application of azelaic acid with up to 20% concentration twice daily for six months helped improve melasma discoloration.
2. Reduces Hyperpigmentation
Azelaic acid uses are known to inhibit the overproduction of melanin in discolored skin cells. Azelaic acid not only treats acne but also evens out hyperpigmentation triggered by acne, leading to a more even-toned complexion with skin-brightening effects.
3. Treatment for Rosacea
Azelaic acid is a highly regarded treatment for rosacea. The compound is rich in anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that help reduce redness and inflammation associated with rosacea. Additionally, improved skin cell turnover aids in quicker recovery from the condition. A study showed that 15% azelaic acid foam used twice a day for 12 weeks was effective in reducing rosacea symptoms.
4. Treatment for Acne
Azelaic acid is rated as a wonder drug for the treatment of acne. While its anti-inflammatory effects reduce acne inflammation, the anti-microbial attributes target acne-causing bacteria. It helps clear pores and reduce the buildup of dead skin cells. The innate ability of azelaic acid to increase cell turnover minimizes the risk of acne breakouts.
5. Helps Reverse the Signs of Skin Aging
Azelaic acid helps improve skin tone and texture. The increased skin cell turnover increases the growth of new skin cells and preserve collagen levels in the skin which helps minimize the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Collagen also improves skin’s elasticity and firmness, reversing the visible signs of skin aging.
Azelaic Acid Products
Azelaic acid is seen as an effective skincare ingredient. Some of the most common azelaic acid products include:
- Creams – These are available as prescription medications for the treatment of severe skin conditions like acne, and rosacea.
- Gels – These are often used as spot treatments for skin concerns like acne, blemishes, and areas of hyperpigmentation.
- Serums – These are over-the-counter products. Azelaic acid is often used as an active treatment for specific skin concerns, such as brightening and anti-aging.
- Cleansers – Over-the-counter available cleansers incorporate azelaic acid to provide gentle exfoliation and treatment for mild to moderate acne.
Side Effects of Azelaic Acid
Azelaic acid is generally well-tolerated. It is also safe for all skin types. But as azelaic acid use compromises the skin barrier function, it reduces the thickness of the outer layer of the skin, making it prone to skin concerns. Some common side effects of azelaic acid include:
- Burning and stinging sensation
- Itchy skin
- Dryness and cracks
- Skin peeling
- Skin Allergies
Azelaic acid might be a lesser-known skincare product but the naturally occurring compound offers a plethora of skin benefits, many of which remain untold. Dermatologists see it as an effective treatment for acne. Azelaic acid benefits also extend to improved skin quality with reduced signs of aging. While azelaic acid is safe for all skin types, it must still be used correctly to avoid side effects. Proper and guided use of azelaic acid can well be your secret to healthy and acne-free skin.