There are two types of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids needed for the normal functioning of the body. These are Omega-3 fatty acids and Omega-6 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids are widely distributed throughout nature and play a significant role in the human diet and physiology.
Primarily, there are three types of Omega-3 fatty acids required by the body:
- Alpha-Linoleic Acids (ALA): They are the most abundant form of Omega-3 fatty acids and are primarily found in plants. ALA needs to be converted into EPA or DHA to be processed by the body. Foods like kale, spinach, walnuts and hemp are a few rich sources of ALA.
- Eicosapentaenoic Acids (EPA): They are a form of long-chain Omega-3 fatty acids. The body uses EPA to produce signaling molecules called eicosanoids which help in reducing inflammation. Foods like salmon, eel, and shrimp are said to be potent sources of EPA.
- Docosahexaenoic Acids (DHA): They are an important component of the retina and skin and linked to aiding cognitive development. Foods like fatty fish and algae are a few good sources of DHA.
Who Needs Omega-3 Fatty Acids?
Individuals require omega 3 fatty acids of all age groups as they offer different benefits to the human body throughout its life cycle. Here is what Omega-3 helps with in children, adults, and in elderly. It is crucial to understand to make informed choices:
In children, TrueBasics Omega 3 is particularly helpful in aiding growth and development. Therefore, an adequate intake of this essential nutrient is a must from pregnancy. Omega 3 helps to boost mental development, besides aiding cognitive development and reducing the risk of developing diabetes, asthma, and depression in children. Omega 3 also helps toddlers develop language, movement, vision, and learning abilities.
Helps Cognitive Development: Research indicates that infants fed formulas enriched with Omega-3 fatty acids, primarily DHA, displayed significantly increased attention span levels. Their learning capabilities were remarkably enhanced and so was their social awareness, owing to regular consumption of the required amounts of EPA and DHA.
- Assists mental health: Children between the ages of 4-8 are at a higher risk of developing ADHD. Studies have shown that regular supplementation of Omega-3 fatty acids in their diet helped in the prevention of these disorders.
- Aids in Fighting allergies: Children receiving a regular and required intake of Omega 3 through breast milk or formula have been observed to have stronger immune systems with a better ability to fight allergens.
Adults need Omega-3 to regulate blood glucose levels, blood pressure, and blood clotting. It helps maintain glowing skin, strong nails, and healthy hair. It boosts the effects of medication, preventing the risk of developing heart disease or cancer.
- Aids in Boosting Metabolism: Regular consumption of TrueBasics Omega 3 in adults is linked to improved cellular metabolism and boost physical function by aiding muscle metabolism. Omega -3 prevents muscle loss in adults and fights the effects of ageing through its antioxidant benefits. It also helps to maintain energy levels and prevents mood swings.
- Supports Regulation of Sleep Patterns: Consumption of Omega-3 fatty acids has been linked to higher melatonin release levels, which helps regulate sleep patterns and prevent obstructive sleep apnea, a common occurrence among young adults.
- Helps Improve Eye Health: The DHA present in Omega-3 fatty acids helps regulate eye health and reduces the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration.
For Old People
In the elderly, Omega 3 fatty acids showcase the ability to prevent co-morbidities and maintain the declining immune system. They also relieve inflammation and the symptoms of arthritis and painful joints.
- Useful in Maintaining heart health: Omega 3 fatty acids help reduce triglyceride levels in the elderly, thereby improving blood circulation and reducing cholesterol. They aid to control issues like hypertension, platelet aggression, and hyperlipidemia.
- Helps prevent Osteoporosis: Consumption of Omega-3 fatty acids was found to increase bone density among elders who were diagnosed with osteoporosis – a condition that causes the bones to become brittle and prone to deformation. Simultaneously it supports muscle function and prevents loss of muscle mass, common with aging.
- Supports prevention of Neurodegenerative Diseases: Studies have linked higher levels of Omega-3 fatty acids to reduced risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington’s or Parkinson’s among the elderly. Some research also indicates that a prolonged supplementation of Omega-3 fatty acids could decelerate the effects of age-related memory loss and cognitive malfunction.
Therefore, it is important for all three life stages to maintain healthy levels of Omega 3 for the normal functioning of the body. However, kids can be fussy eaters. Adults may have hectic lifestyles, and the elderly may face digestive issues with most of their foods, causing a probability of dietary imbalances and Omega 3 deficiency. Hence, it is best to use reliable Omega-3 supplements as per age to overcome the nutritional gap and maintain good health.